KILRUANE, a parish, partly in the barony of LOWER ORMOND, but chiefly in that of UPPER ORMOND, county of TIPPERARY, and province of MUNSTER, 2? miles (N. E.) from Nenagh, on the road to Parsonstown ; containing 1384 inhabitants. It comprises 3726 statute acres, principally under tillage ; the drill system of agriculture is general. There are some limestone quarries, and a bog of about 50 acres. The principal seats are Rapla, the residence of W. C. Crawford, Esq. ; Rathurlys, of T. Brereton, Esq. ; Ballinware, of J. Otway, Esq. ; and Claremont, of F. Evans, Esq. The living is a rectory and vicarage, in the diocese of Killaloe, and in the patronage of the Bishop : the tithes amount to #198. 8. 2. The church, which is a neat structure, was built by a gift of #800 from the late Board of First Fruits, in 1822. In the R. C. divisions the parish forms part of the union or district of Cloghjordan, and contains a chapel. There is a private school of about 50 children. In the demesne of Rathurlys there are the remains of a circular castle and of a Danish rath, covering about two acres, in which are the picturesque ruins of the old church ; and near it are the remains of a druidical altar.